Sri Sarada Devi, who is lovingly addressed as “Holy Mother” by the followers of Sri Ramakrishna monastic order was born on 22nd December 1853 in a village called Jayarambati in West Bengal. Sri Sarada Devi was married to Sri Ramakrishna at a tender age of 5 years and she joined him at Kali temple in Dakshineswar when she was 18 years of age. Sri Sarada Devi learnt from her husband how to lead a spiritual life while continuing with her daily household chores. Sri Sarada Devi served her husband as a devoted wife and a disciple while following a spiritual path. Both lived a life of unbroken continence, thus showing ideals of a house-hold life and that of monastic life.
Sri Ramakrishna regarded Sarada Devi as a special manifestation of Divine Mother of the Universe. Sri Sarada Devi used to look upon the disciples of Sri Ramakrishna as her own children. After the Mahasamadhi of Sri Ramakrishna, the disciples of Sri Ramakrishna looked to Sri Sarada Devi for advice and guidance to run the fledgling organisation of Ramakrishna mission and Sri Ramakrishna Math. Her practical wisdom, coupled with inherent motherly care, guided the decisions taken bythe direct disciples of Sri Ramakrishna.
Sri Sarada Devi whole-heartedly supported Swami Vivekananda in his plans for rebuilding India and uplift the masses. She held progressive views although she was born in a conservative rural society with no formal education. Although she was highly respected and worshipped as the Holy Mother, she lived the life of a simple village mother. She always remained calm and self-controlled, showering love and blessings on one and all. As Sister Nivedita said, “Her life was one long stillness of prayer”.
Under the strain of constant physical work and repeated attacks of malaria, her health deteriorated and she left the mortal world on 21st July 1920.